Be careful, Cancer!
In the modern world, breast cancer has taken a strong leading position among cancer diseases in all countries. Leading experts and clinics develop and implement new methods of treatment of this terrible disease. However, the disease is easier to prevent than to treat. Breast cancer is not an exception to this rule. Is prevention possible? Of course! It is divided into primary and secondary.
Primary Prevention of Breast Cancer
The purpose of this type of prevention is to prevent the disease by minimizing the influence of negative factors on a woman. It affects the social sphere more. Among the tools for primary prevention of breast cancer are the following:
- Carrying out activities aimed at improving the environmental situation, reducing the impact of carcinogens, combating tobacco smoking and female alcoholism, preventing stress.
- One of the risk factors for breast cancer is late delivery. Pregnancy, the birth of the first child under the age of 30, and breastfeeding for at least six months, significantly reduce the likelihood of a terrible disease.
- Reasonable hormonal or mechanical contraception, pregnancy planning, refusal of abortion.
- Monthly self-examination of the mammary glands. It should be carried out on the same day of the menstrual cycle. When self-examining you should pay attention to the shape, skin color, nipple shape, symmetry of the glands, the presence of seals, bumps. You also need to examine the armpits and the area of the clavicles. If individual lymph nodes are palpable or any changes in the glands are found, you should urgently consult a doctor.
While primary prevention is necessary to prevent the disease, the secondary is aimed at early detection of the first symptoms of a pathological formation in the mammary gland, which is the key to increasing the effectiveness of treatment and reducing mortality.
Secondary breast cancer prevention
These preventive measures are reduced to conducting surveys aimed at detecting cancer before the appearance of the first clinical symptoms. Also, secondary prevention includes timely diagnosis and treatment of precancerous diseases (fibroadenomas, mastitis, mastopathy, etc.).
A program for early diagnosis of breast cancer has been introduced since the early seventies in a number of countries at the state level. Mammography and breast ultrasound are used for screening. Using these types of diagnostics, it is possible to detect dangerous changes in the early stages. Surveys are recommended for women from 45 years old and women at an earlier age who are at risk. As a rule, they are carried out on the 5-7 day of the menstrual cycle. The recommended frequency of the survey is once a year.
Identified at an early stage, the tumor and timely started treatment provide a successful outcome of therapy and stable remission. It should be remembered that mortality among women who regularly undergo examinations is up to 50% less than among those who are not examined timely.