Hyperandrogenism

 

Hyperandrogenism is one of the common causes of female infertility. This is an anomaly of the function of the hormonal system, characterized by hypersynthesis of androgenic hormones. According to statistics, hyperandrogenism is diagnosed in 10–20% of women of reproductive age and in 5% of girls during puberty and is one of the most common diseases of the endocrine system.

If the pathology has arisen due to a disruption of the endocrine glands, a diagnosis of primary hyperandrogenism is made. Primary hyperandrogenism depending on genesis happens:

  • ovarian;
  • adrenal;
  • mixed.

When disorders associated with damage to the pituitary gland are talking about a secondary type of hyperandrogenic. It is also customary to distinguish between absolute (characterized by elevated levels of male sex hormones) and relative (hypersensitivity of the endings of target organs with normal androgen concentration) hyperandrogenism.

The main causes of hyperandrogenism are:

  • congenital dysfunction of the adrenal cortex;
  • polycystic ovaries;
  • neoplasia (tumor) of the adrenal glands, ovaries, pituitary;
  • persistent galactorrhea amenorrhea syndrome;
  • use of androgenic steroids.

Regardless of origin, in women with hyperandrogenism the following symptoms are most often observed:

  • hirsutism;
  • dysfunction of the sebaceous glands;
  • virilism (1 case per 100 patients);
  • acne;
  • partial baldness (with advanced form of the disease);
  • irregular menstruation.

For correct diagnosis, an analysis of the clinical picture, an objective examination and a number of additional examinations are necessary. Due to the specificity of the clinical picture, it is possible to make a presumptive diagnosis at the initial examination stage. For the final diagnosis study of the level of sex hormones (both male and female), ultrasound of the ovaries and adrenal glands, as well as MRI of the pituitary gland should be prescribed.

Only a doctor can determine the reason of endocrinopathy and prescribe the correct therapy. Since hyperandrogenism is a manifestation of other pathologies, treatment is aimed at eliminating the underlying disease. In case of polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal contraceptives are usually prescribed, and sometimes surgery is necessary. In congenital dysfunction of the adrenal cortex, glucocorticoid therapy is quite effective. Neoplastic processes, as one of the forms of neoplasm development, require complex specific medical treatment under the supervision of an oncologist and, often, surgical intervention.

We recommend reading:

  • HOW TO FIND A SURROGATE MOTHER BY YOURSELF OR WITH THE help of AGENCYHOW TO FIND A SURROGATE MOTHER BY YOURSELF OR WITH THE help of AGENCY If you are considering how to find a surrogate mother - with an agency or at your discretion - you should seriously think about some of the pros and cons of these search paths.The search for an optimal surrogate mother is one of the most important steps and the most responsible decision that intende... more
  • Types of surrogate motherhoodTypes of surrogate motherhood Types of surrogate motherhood, their similarities and differences. What is surrogacy and who is a surrogate?Surrogacy definition is an assisted technology used in reproductive medicine. When used, the woman voluntarily agrees to endure and give birth to a child biologically not connected to her. The... more
  • What is the cost of IVF?What is the cost of IVF? A number of factors affects the formation of the cost of in vitro fertilization including medical procedures, tests and examinations, such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). PGD ​​is used to study the genome of the embryo and allows to select genetically healthy and high-quality embryos. Fo... more
  • Why is vitamin E so important in planning pregnancy?Why is vitamin E so important in planning pregnancy? In medical practice, vitamin E has a second name - tocopherol. This component is very important for the body, regardless of sex or age. A distinctive feature of this substance is the ability to eliminate the effects of negative environmental factors or bad habits. While planning pregnancy, vitamin ... more
  • Emotional connection with a child born by a surrogate motherEmotional connection with a child born by a surrogate mother During the life of the child, the parents are connected by strong bonds. Psychological communication awakens in the parents a calling to take care of their baby, educate it, engage in its development. It is this connection in a crisis that causes the child to instinctively seek protection from his p... more

 



Entering your comment.



* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Please, contact our coordinator, who will give you the detailed plan of the programme you are interested in and provide further assistance.

Entering your number, please, add your country`s code.


* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Наверх
Закрыть
X

If you have any questions, please, leave you phone number or email. Our consultant will keep in touch with you to answer all your questions.



For displaying of the personalized content this website uses cookies and other relevant technologies.By clicking OK or continuining using this website without changing cookies usage settings in your browser you give concent for the appliance of this technology.