Infertility is a complex medical and social problem. Today, more and more couples are faced with this disease. 12-17% of couples all over the world suffer from infertility.
Infertility is the impossibility of conceiving a child during the period more than a year, provided that the couple does not use any contraceptive method, and the woman is not older than 35 years. If a woman is above 35 years old, the diagnosis of infertility is considered after 6 months of unsuccessful attempts.
Why exactly 1 year?
Among couples who decided to conceive a child and stopped contraceptives usage, 50% achieve fertilization within 3 months, 75% within 6 months, and 90% within a year. Based on evidence-based medicine, in the event that pregnancy does not occur within 1 year, the likelihood of health problems for one or both spouses is critical. In this case, they should seek help from a doctor.
Types of infertility
There are female and male infertility. However, it is not uncommon for fertility disorders to be caused by a decrease in the reproductive abilities of both spouses.
Infertility is also divided into primary and secondary. Primary infertility is diagnosed if the woman has not had a single pregnancy in the history. If a woman had a pregnancy (uterine, ectopic, ended in abortion, miscarriage, natural childbirth, cesarean section), secondary infertility is diagnosed.
What is the reason?
Some of the causes of infertility are sexually specific, some are common to both sexes. Some are biological, others are lifestyle related. It is proved that excessive use of caffeine, alcohol and nicotine adversely affect the reproductive abilities of the body. In addition, fertility is affected by abnormal body weight, both deficiency and excess, drugs, toxic substances of any kind. Often, changing habits and eliminating negative factors restores reproductive functions.
Among the biological factors should be noted:
- inflammation of the pelvic organs;
- history of venereal diseases;
- surgical sterilization;
- chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes, etc.);
- abdominal surgery in history;
- postponed radiation or chemotherapy.
With timely diagnosis, most of these problems can be treated. It should be remembered that the longer the disease exists, the lower the probability of conception in subsequent years is. First of all, this is due to the age-related decrease in ovarian reserve in women. If the disease duration is no more than 12 months, the probability of conception after undergoing treatment during the next year is 50%. The sooner you seek medical help, the sooner the diagnosis is stated, and the therapy is prescribed and the more effective the treatment becomes.
When determining the cause of infertility, both spouses are examined simultaneously. The duration of a full survey of a couple should not exceed 3 months. To speed up the examination process, it is advisable to contact medical centers, which provide a range of medical services for all cases at one place. The doctor will select the most informative examination methods that will allow you to define a diagnosis as soon as possible, determine the cause of infertility and start the treatment immediately.
Nowadays, there are many highly effective methods of infertility treatment. Remember, there is always hope! Don`t waste time, professional check up is a necessary to have at least once in a half-yearly period even if there are no complaints.