Women, who for various reasons can not get pregnant naturally,often turn to in vitro fertilization.

IVF is an important and complex procedure that helps many women get a long-awaited child.

What are the stages of IVF? What can be done to make the procedure successful? Does the intake of vitamins and mineral complexes affect the results of IVF?

The procedure of IVF consists of several stages:

Step 1: retrieval of oocytes and their storage in a special medium.

Stage 2: oocytes fertilisation with the sperm cells of a partner or donor.

Stage 3:  storing of embryos  in an incubator and their development observation.

Stage 4: embryo transfer to the uterus of the woman in which it grows and develops until birth.

Difficulties connected with IVF cycle

Each of the IVF stages has its own pitfalls. Sometimes division of the cell does not start, goes wrong or stops at any stage or the uterus starts rejecting the embryo.

The pregnancy after IVF, unfortunately, results in miscarriage more often in comparison with normal one.

For a better outcome women get hormonal stimulation during the first stages.

Each woman is prescribed her own individual scheme for preparing and conducting the procedure in order to reduce the risk of failure at each stage. This scheme is called the IVF protocol. Hormonal drugs, vitamin and mineral complexes, as well as drugs that correct the condition and remove the side effects of taking hormones are usually prescribed

To prepare a woman's body for pregnancy, vitamins and minerals are required to boost the work of the reproductive system. Vitamins E, B, iodine, selenium and zinc antioxidants are especially important.

Moreover, successful pregnancy course also depends on the thickness of the endometrium, the mucous layer of the uterus in which the embryo implants. If the thickness of the endometrium is less than 8-12 cm, most likely, IVF will be unsuccessful. Therefore, the structure of Vitamine complex includes the amino acid L-arginine, which favorably affects the thickness of the endometrium. The formation of the endometrium also depends on the hormone prolactin, a high level of which causes an excessively thin layer for a healthy pregnancy.

To conclude, reasonable intake of vitamins can surely be helpful starting from planning and preparation  for an IVF procedure till the breastfeeding of a baby. In any case, it is necessary that a doctor prescribes any pills taking into account the state of the patient before and during the treatment. Pregnancy as a result of artificially created embryos transfer is considered to be more subtle and requiring extra attention. Thus, it is important to consult a doctor concerning any drugs, reduce stress and consume healthy food rich in vitamins.

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