According to scientific studies, fertility of a couple and health of their future child are significantly affected by the lifestyle and diet of the future parents. Scientists have proved that when planning pregnancy and preparing for an in vitro fertilization procedure, the following factors play a specific role:
- vitamin and mineral supply of the body;
- physical activity;
- bad habits;
- use of medications;
- psycho-emotional state.
To figure out how each of these factors affects the success of conception and how important it is to take them into account, we consider each of the above items separately.
A balanced full-fledged diet at the time of conception planning is important for both parents. For regular use, experts recommend fatty fish and lean meats, dairy products, vegetables, legumes, fruits, and cereals. Avoid eating fatty meats, smoked meats, pastries, limit sugar intake.
Particular attention should be paid to foods and drinks that contain large quantities of caffeine. This substance in excessive doses during pregnancy planning has a negative effect on the reproductive functions of each of the partners. The use of caffeine-containing products is not completely prohibited, but it is recommended not to exceed the dose equivalent to two cups of coffee per day. In addition to coffee, caffeine is also found in tea, chocolate and chocolate bars, cola and energy drinks.
In addition to the qualitative composition of the diet, you should pay attention to the amount of food. Try not to overeat or have a strong feeling of hunger. The meal should take at least half an hour. Try to have the last meal at least 4 hours before bedtime.
2-3 months before the start of the IVF protocol procedures, the intake of additional vitamins, macro- and microelements is recommended. Such an advance saturation of the body contributes to proper cell division and differentiation and prevents severe congenital malformations of the embryo. For each of the future parents, a vitamin and mineral complex is recommended. Women recommended an additional concentration of ascorbic acid and vitamin D, calcium and magnesium. Men should pay attention to drugs and products containing large amounts of vitamin C and tocopherol, folate, lycopene, selenium and zinc. There are also special prenatal vitamin-mineral complexes containing significant amounts of iron, calcium and folic acid. In combination with a balanced diet, supplemental vitamin-mineral therapy reduces the risk of pathological development of the fetus and miscarriages by 50%.