Human papillomavirus

 

In 2008, the Nobel Committee awarded the prize in the field of medicine to the German physician and scientist Harald zur Hausen. His contribution to the medical sciences was the discovery, systematization of the human papillomavirus (HPV) and the proof of its direct connection with cervical cancer.

Human papillomavirus is a group of viruses that unites more than 170 strains divided into 27 species and 5 genera. HPV is by far the most common viral disease of the genital tract. Depending on the strain, the virus causes the growth of various cells - from warts to squamous carcinoma (cervical cancer). Since the incubation process takes from two weeks to several years, it is very often infected too late to seek help from specialists.

The use of barrier contraceptives (condoms) for the prevention of HPV is ineffective, because it is possible to get infection with the penetration of the virus into the body through microtrauma and abrasion. Contamination of newborns at birth is also possible.

Unfortunately, there is not yet a radical therapy to cure completely of HPV. For therapy used immunomodulators and antiviral drugs.

To remove external manifestations of virus infection (papillomas, warts, condylomas), use:

  • electrocoagulation;
  • cryodistribution;
  • laser coagulation;
  • surgical removal;
  • chemical cautery.

Scientists have high hopes in the treatment of HPV for gene therapy using CRISPR / Cas9 and zinc fingers.

Diagnosis of HPV infection consists of several stages:

  1. Clinical examination. During the examinations, warts and genital warts are detected. When anogenital warts are detected, colposcopy is indicated.
  2. Colposcopy and biopsy. Prescribed to all women who have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
  3. Cytological tests.
  4. Histological examination.
  5. Screening Digene-test.
  6. Research method of polymenase chain reaction.

The most dangerous manifestation of HPV - cervical cancer - is detected by colposcopy, cytological and histological examinations.

For the prevention of HPV infection in the world, vaccines have been developed that are recommended by WHO as preventive measures for the prevention of cervical cancer. In some countries of the world, such vaccination is included in the calendar of compulsory vaccinations and is paid for by the state. Mandatory three-time vaccination should be given to girls aged 11 to 12 years. WHO recommends vaccinating boys to prevent the circulation of the virus.

We recommend reading:

  • What is the price of surrogacy motherhood?What is the price of surrogacy motherhood? Gestational surrogacy motherhood is quite expensive for many families. To ease your financial burden, we have developed flexible and transparent payment options for this service provided by our company. The cost of a standard package of IVF services with embryo transfer to the uterus of the surrogat... more
  • WHAT IS A GESTATION SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD?WHAT IS A GESTATION SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD? If you are interested in gestational surrogate motherhood, read on to learn more about how it works, how much it costs and how it can be an excellent option for your family.Gestational surrogacy, in which the surrogate mother is not genetically related to the child she carries, is the most common ty... more
  • Dear intended and soon becoming parents!Dear intended and soon becoming parents! Dear intended and soon becoming parents! Because of the spread of Internet rumors about the law adopted in the first reading in Ukraine prohibiting surrogacy motherhood, we consider it necessary to bring some clarity into the current situation. Who benefits from such rumors? First of ... more
  • Abortion and its impact on the reproductive health of women Part 2Abortion and its impact on the reproductive health of women Part 2 To continue, it is necessary to note that such severe irreversible changes in the body may lead to infertility and a number of serious chronic diseases. It should also be remembered that hormonal disorders after an abortion increase 8 times the risk of developing malignant tumors of the female repro... more
  • What is the cost of IVF?What is the cost of IVF? A number of factors affects the formation of the cost of in vitro fertilization including medical procedures, tests and examinations, such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). PGD ​​is used to study the genome of the embryo and allows to select genetically healthy and high-quality embryos. Fo... more

 



Entering your comment.



* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Please, contact our coordinator, who will give you the detailed plan of the programme you are interested in and provide further assistance.

Entering your number, please, add your country`s code.


* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Наверх
Закрыть
X

If you have any questions, please, leave you phone number or email. Our consultant will keep in touch with you to answer all your questions.



For displaying of the personalized content this website uses cookies and other relevant technologies.By clicking OK or continuining using this website without changing cookies usage settings in your browser you give concent for the appliance of this technology.