In 2008, the Nobel Committee awarded the prize in the field of medicine to the German physician and scientist Harald zur Hausen. His contribution to the medical sciences was the discovery, systematization of the human papillomavirus (HPV) and the proof of its direct connection with cervical cancer.

Human papillomavirus is a group of viruses that unites more than 170 strains divided into 27 species and 5 genera. HPV is by far the most common viral disease of the genital tract. Depending on the strain, the virus causes the growth of various cells - from warts to squamous carcinoma (cervical cancer). Since the incubation process takes from two weeks to several years, it is very often infected too late to seek help from specialists.

The use of barrier contraceptives (condoms) for the prevention of HPV is ineffective, because it is possible to get infection with the penetration of the virus into the body through microtrauma and abrasion. Contamination of newborns at birth is also possible.

Unfortunately, there is not yet a radical therapy to cure completely of HPV. For therapy used immunomodulators and antiviral drugs.

To remove external manifestations of virus infection (papillomas, warts, condylomas), use:

  • electrocoagulation;
  • cryodistribution;
  • laser coagulation;
  • surgical removal;
  • chemical cautery.

Scientists have high hopes in the treatment of HPV for gene therapy using CRISPR / Cas9 and zinc fingers.

Diagnosis of HPV infection consists of several stages:

  1. Clinical examination. During the examinations, warts and genital warts are detected. When anogenital warts are detected, colposcopy is indicated.
  2. Colposcopy and biopsy. Prescribed to all women who have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
  3. Cytological tests.
  4. Histological examination.
  5. Screening Digene-test.
  6. Research method of polymenase chain reaction.

The most dangerous manifestation of HPV - cervical cancer - is detected by colposcopy, cytological and histological examinations.

For the prevention of HPV infection in the world, vaccines have been developed that are recommended by WHO as preventive measures for the prevention of cervical cancer. In some countries of the world, such vaccination is included in the calendar of compulsory vaccinations and is paid for by the state. Mandatory three-time vaccination should be given to girls aged 11 to 12 years. WHO recommends vaccinating boys to prevent the circulation of the virus.

We recommend reading:

  • 6 STEPS OF THE SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD PROCESS6 STEPS OF THE SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD PROCESS All you need to know about surrogacy motherhood, step by step.Regardless of your interest in increasing your family members number with the help of a surrogate mother or you are ready to help a childless family become a parent, you should certainly have many questions about the process of surrogacy ... more
  • Physical exercises improve the quality of spermPhysical exercises improve the quality of sperm Moderate regular (at least 30 minutes 3 times per week) physical activities help to improve the quality of sperm, as scientists claim.One in seven families in Britain has problems with conceiving a baby and thousands of such families apply for the procedure of IVF annually. In these circumstances ev... more
  • Pregnancy and green teaPregnancy and green tea Pregnancy requires a woman to reconsider her diet. Some foods and drinks are undesirable. In strictly limited quantities, pregnant women can use tonic drinks based on caffeine, including green tea. Green tea is a delicious and healthy drink, but during pregnancy its use is strictly dosed. This is d... more
  • Female infertility. Types, causes, factors 2Female infertility. Types, causes, factors 2 Endocrine sterilityThis type of infertility occurs due to disruptions in the ovulation process caused by hormonal imbalances. For timely and regular ovulation responsible are:pituitary-hypothalamus-ovaries axis;thyroid;adrenal cortex.Disruptions in functioning at least at one of the listed levels en... more
  • GeneticsGenetics Among this variety of diseases known to mankind, there are some very special ones known for a long time. There are no medicines and vaccinations helping to deal with them. They can be detected in Egyptian mummies and in the hovel of the poor. Some scientists call them the tool of mother nature in th... more

 



Entering your comment.



* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Please, contact our coordinator, who will give you the detailed plan of the programme you are interested in and provide further assistance.

Entering your number, please, add your country`s code.


* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Наверх
Закрыть
X

If you have any questions, please, leave you phone number or email. Our consultant will keep in touch with you to answer all your questions.



For displaying of the personalized content this website uses cookies and other relevant technologies.By clicking OK or continuining using this website without changing cookies usage settings in your browser you give concent for the appliance of this technology.