In 2008, the Nobel Committee awarded the prize in the field of medicine to the German physician and scientist Harald zur Hausen. His contribution to the medical sciences was the discovery, systematization of the human papillomavirus (HPV) and the proof of its direct connection with cervical cancer.

Human papillomavirus is a group of viruses that unites more than 170 strains divided into 27 species and 5 genera. HPV is by far the most common viral disease of the genital tract. Depending on the strain, the virus causes the growth of various cells - from warts to squamous carcinoma (cervical cancer). Since the incubation process takes from two weeks to several years, it is very often infected too late to seek help from specialists.

The use of barrier contraceptives (condoms) for the prevention of HPV is ineffective, because it is possible to get infection with the penetration of the virus into the body through microtrauma and abrasion. Contamination of newborns at birth is also possible.

Unfortunately, there is not yet a radical therapy to cure completely of HPV. For therapy used immunomodulators and antiviral drugs.

To remove external manifestations of virus infection (papillomas, warts, condylomas), use:

  • electrocoagulation;
  • cryodistribution;
  • laser coagulation;
  • surgical removal;
  • chemical cautery.

Scientists have high hopes in the treatment of HPV for gene therapy using CRISPR / Cas9 and zinc fingers.

Diagnosis of HPV infection consists of several stages:

  1. Clinical examination. During the examinations, warts and genital warts are detected. When anogenital warts are detected, colposcopy is indicated.
  2. Colposcopy and biopsy. Prescribed to all women who have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
  3. Cytological tests.
  4. Histological examination.
  5. Screening Digene-test.
  6. Research method of polymenase chain reaction.

The most dangerous manifestation of HPV - cervical cancer - is detected by colposcopy, cytological and histological examinations.

For the prevention of HPV infection in the world, vaccines have been developed that are recommended by WHO as preventive measures for the prevention of cervical cancer. In some countries of the world, such vaccination is included in the calendar of compulsory vaccinations and is paid for by the state. Mandatory three-time vaccination should be given to girls aged 11 to 12 years. WHO recommends vaccinating boys to prevent the circulation of the virus.

We recommend reading:

  • The influencе of Cortisol on the rеsults of IVFThe influencе of Cortisol on the rеsults of IVF Thе success of the procedurе of IVF depеnds on many factors. The reproductivе health of the woman and her agе play a great rolе. Some researches claim,that the level of stress the woman faces is also an important factor for thе success of the IVF. It is well-known, that the statе of stress is connec... more
  • Anti-Muller Hormone (AMH)Anti-Muller Hormone (AMH) In the life of each couple, a moment comes when a man and a woman consider family planning. For some who have achieved results quickly enough, this period is associated with an exciting anticipation of a positive pregnancy test result, and for others with a long process filled with disappointment.Wh... more
  • First visit to a reproductive specialistFirst visit to a reproductive specialist Undoubtedly, any family sooner or later thinks about the issue of having babies, however, it is not always that spouses can succeed in achieving a positive solution to this problem. There can be a variety of reasons for the negative result, but one of them is infertility.Despite this unattractive na... more
  • VaricoceleVaricocele Vаricocele is a cоmmоn male disease, during which there is the nodularity, widening оf the veins оf the spermatic cоrd and the testicle itself appears. In most cases, the pathology does not manifest itself and is diagnosed accidentally during a routine examination of a man. Often vаricocele begins ... more
  • 14 tips to help you maintain fertility14 tips to help you maintain fertility 1  The causes of infertility are various. However, most of them are directly related to our lifestyle, habits, and behavior. We have compiled 14 recommendations for you that will help you to maintain the opportunity to have children for many years and to save your reproductive health. We omit t... more

 



Entering your comment.



* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Please, contact our coordinator, who will give you the detailed plan of the programme you are interested in and provide further assistance.

Entering your number, please, add your country`s code.


* All your information is strictly confidential and will not be disclosed

Наверх
Закрыть
X

If you have any questions, please, leave you phone number or email. Our consultant will keep in touch with you to answer all your questions.



For displaying of the personalized content this website uses cookies and other relevant technologies.By clicking OK or continuining using this website without changing cookies usage settings in your browser you give concent for the appliance of this technology.