“I can't get pregnant.” This is a very common complaint among female to their gynecologists. In the world, about 15% of people of reproductive age suffer from infertility of various origin.
At the time of going to the doctor, as a rule, women has been already trying to get pregnant for several months and sometimes several years. Only timely identification of the reason of infertility and adequate therapy enable the restoration of fertility. Let's try to pay attention to important details connected with infertility.
Types of infertility
Infertility is divided into two types - primary and secondary. The diagnosis of “primary infertility” is made in the event that a woman who has regular sexual intercourses has never become pregnant. This type of infertility occurs in congenital anomalies of the structure or functioning of the reproductive system, as well as in certain genetic pathologies.
Secondary infertility develops against the background of various external factors. Among them infectious diseases, chronic stress, hormonal disorders take a great part. These patients have a history of pregnancy and childbirth.
Why can she not get pregnant?
You can consider infertility if a woman leads sexually active life without using contraceptives for at least a year, but pregnancy does not occur. What can this be about? The most common causes of infertility are:
1. Obstruction of the fallopian tubes. It occurs due to the presence of adhesions against the background of the inflammatory process. In case of tubal infertility, contact of the sperm with the egg cell is difficult or impossible.
2. Hormonal imbalance. Endocrine disorders affect the menstrual cycle and the development of oocytes. The most common endocrine pathology is polycystic ovary.
3. Gynecological pathology. The most common acute and chronic inflammatory processes and endometriosis in this group.
4. Depletion of follicular reserve.
5. Chronic stress.
6. The presence of antisperm antibodies in the cervical mucus that destroy sperm cells.
What to do?
To properly diagnose the causes of infertility, you need to consult a doctor. The sources of this disease in each case are individual. The doctor prescribes studies and tests for an objective assessment of the reproductive state of the patient. Examinations are important to be assigned to both partners. As a rule, after determining the genesis of infertility, therapy is carried out aimed at eliminating the causes of the disease. A number of diseases that impede fertilization and conception are successfully treated and fertility is restored. In case the cause of infertility is difficult or impossible to eliminate, assisted reproductive technologies are recommended, thanks to which today millions of couples have become happy parents. IVF, ICSI, surrogacy motherhood programs are successfully applied methods which make it possible to make the cherished dream of a long-awaited baby come true.
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